According to the Financial Times: American-born Jenny Webster is fighting a battle against a pact between the UK and US tax authorities which shares financial data about US persons.
Jenny Webster, 43-year-old “self-employed editor and a researcher at the University of Central Lancashire” argues the international deal infringes her right to privacy and data protection. She has been crowdfunding to raise funds to bring her case before the British court.
Her case was filed this week before the High Court in London, following a prolonged legal battle against HM Revenue & Customs and the data protection watchdog, the Information Commissioner’s Office.
Webster came to the UK some 21 years ago as a student, married a British man, and received British citizenship in 2010. But despite this, the US’s Citizen Based Taxation meant that Webster was still considered to be within the US tax system.
The United States is the only first-world country that links a person’s tax obligations to their citizenship. This rule means US citizens must continue to file annual tax returns with the Internal Revenue Service (IRS), regardless of their residence.
The heart of the matter – for Jenny Webster as well as the EU banks that have hesitated to offer bank accounts to some European citizens who appear to have American citizenships that they aren’t able to provide Taxpayer Identification Numbers for – is FATCA, the tax evasion-prevention law signed into law by President Obama in 2010.
Officially known as the Foreign Account Tax Compliance Act, FATCA mandates stiff penalties for “foreign” (non-U.S.) financial institutions that fail to report to the U.S. the bank account details, including assets, of any of their clients who happen to be U.S. citizens or Green Card holders.
Webster first learned about Fatca when her bank contacted her in 2016 to say she had tax obligations in the US and they were obliged to send information about her to the IRS.
Jenny Webster says FATCA is disproportionate, discriminatory, and has led to unintended negative consequences: it was the start of her struggle to challenge the UK’s international agreement with the US.
If Webster wins this case, it could be a serious blow to the principle of automatic exchange of data between tax authorities worldwide.
The case could have wide-ranging implications for tens of thousands of so-called accidental Americans who left the US but risk having their British bank accounts frozen for failing to comply with the US tax requirements.
We, the founders of Americans Overseas, were born in the Netherlands and obtained our American nationality through our (American) mother.
When we heard about the US tax system for the first time around 2013, we were in total disbelief (it can’t be true!), anger (how can they do this?), fear (am I going to get fines or pick up other problems?), and panic (what should I do?). It is (unfortunately) true that there is an additional American tax levy. But there’s no information from local government, and when approached, the consulate referred us to the IRS, and the IRS was impenetrable.
That’s why we started this initiative to help people from all over the world by providing proper information about the US tax system to avoid unnecessary panic, and offering help free of obligation and free of charge. If needed, we have a network of affordable professionals (accountants) who can help you with your tax obligations.
If you have more questions about British citizens born in US and FACTA you can contact us at Americans Overseas.
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Sources: Financial Times, Crowdjustice page Jenny Webster: FATCA & HMRC: breaching my human rights to data protection and privacy